Venly API
Search
⌃K

How to build an in-app marketplace?

The Market-API provides all the tools needed to create an in-app marketplace. This page describes the needed steps and parts.
Context
The Venly Market-API takes care of the in-custody / buying / selling process of NFTs. From a high level perspective, the only thing that your app needs to do is:
  1. 1.
    supply users and their balance
  2. 2.
    create offers
  3. 3.
    list offers
  4. 4.
    buy offers

Before you start

Overview
The Venly Market is a custodial marketplace that supports buying and selling of NFTs with USDC.
  • Custodial Marketplace: This means that we take an NFT into escrow whenever it is put on sale. This ensures that the NFT will actually be available for purchase, during the lifespan of the offer. Once an offer is bought, the NFT will be handed over from our escrow walle to the buyers-wallet. A seller can at any time cancel an offer. As a result, the NFT will be sent back to the sellers-wallet.
  • Buying and Selling of NFTs: The basic operations of a marketplace are buying and selling. We support regular sales, as well as auctions. NFTs are put on sale by the owner of the NFT. Any seller can hereafter purchase the offer. When a sale is fulfilled, the buyer will receive the NFT, the USDC balance of the buyer will be diminished with the sales price and the balance of the seller will be increased with the sales price (minus fees).
  • USDC: Our marketplace works with USDC. USDC is a stablecoin, linked to a US-Dollar value. The balance of an end user, the offer price, and bids on auctions are all done in the USDC currency (independent of the blockchain of the NFT).
    • This means that, for a user to be able to buy an NFT, they need to have a positive USDC balance in the marketplace. Users can deposit and withdraw USDC in their market account. When an NFT is bought or sold, the USDC balance of the buyer will be diminished with the offer price, and the USDC balance of the seller is increased with the offer price (minus fees).

Overview

To be able to interact with the Market-API (buying and selling items), you will need a Wallet solution. This is because you will need to sign a blockchain transaction when creating offers, and bought NFTs need to be transmitted to a buyer's wallet.
The Market-API is made Wallet-agnostic. This means that you can use any wallet-solution you prefer. Of course, we recommend the Venly Wallet solutions (API or Widget), but you are free to choose any other wallet provider (e.g. Metamask). The only requirement is that the chosen solution is able to sign raw data, EIP712 (meta-transaction) messages and execute blockchain transactions.
Every action done on the Market-API is done with your clientID and secret. This means that the market-API, in its purest form, does not know your end users. It is your app that creates the offers and buys them.
Of course, in most cases, you provide a marketplace for your in-app end users. It is those end users that are buying and selling. Therefore, a translation must be made between your clientID and the actual end-user. This can be done with the Sub-Users concept.

Flow

Below, the flows are described that you need to implement to build a fully functioning in-app marketplace.

Onboarding users

Each user in your system can be a seller or buyer in your in-app marketplace. Each user, therefore, needs to have its own market balance (USDC).
In order to achieve this, you will need to create a sub-user for each of your users. Each sub-user will receive its own market balance that can be used for buying and selling.

Create offers

When a user is onboarded as sub-user, they can place NFTs on sale (create offers). You can add the sub-user details of the seller when creating an offer.
See the offer creation flow to know how to sign for the offer so that Venly can take the NFT into escrow. Note that, when working with sub-users, it is the actual owner of the NFT that needs to sign for the in-escrow transaction. You will therefore need to let the actual end user sign this transaction with the wallet solution you have integrated.

Topping up the sub-users market balance

Before a buyer can buy an item, the buyer needs to have a positive USDC market balance. For this, the user (or you) can deposit USDC in a specific deposit address assigned to the sub-user. The deposit address can be retrieved or created with specific endpoints.
Use your chosen wallet solution to transfer USDC to the user's deposit address.

Buying items

When the buyer has a positive market balance, a Fulfillment can be created, specifically for that sub-user.
Hereafter, the Venly escrow system takes over. The balance of the buyer and seller will be updated and the NFT will be transmitted to the provided walletAddress.

References

Sub-Users

With your clientId, you can create sub-users on the Market. Sub-Users are handled the same way as regular users: they have a market-balance (USDC), deposit USDC, withdraw USDC, buy items, and sell items.
The only difference is that sub-users do not have an active Venly-account. You are in charge of identifying and authenticating your end users. For Venly, a sub-user is merely a technical concept and all API calls originate from your clientID.
So, depending on your use case, you can create sub-users in Venly. You can also choose to handle everything on your side (in that case you will need to keep a balance ledger on your side).

Sub-user creation

Sub-users can be created with the POST /users endpoint.​
After creation, you will have to link the acquired sub-user-id to the user-id in your own system. This way, you can correlate your users with sub-users in the Market-API and make the correct subsequent calls (selling and buying items).

Sub-users balance

Besides your main balance, each sub-user gets a separate market balance (in USDC). This balance will be used when you initiate buying or selling for your sub-users.
This means that, before a sub-user can buy an offer, that sub-user needs to have a positive market balance. USDC can be deposited in the market balance of the sub-user by transferring USDC to the specific deposit address of the sub-user.​

Closed or Open Offers

An important decision you have to make when creating an in-app marketplace is if you want to have your created offers publicly available, or not.
This can be set with the visibility parameter on an offer.
Basically:
  • PRIVATE offers are for you and you alone. These offers are only visible in your in-app marketplace. No one else can see or buy these offers.
  • PUBLIC offers are searchable, and retrievable in other marketplaces that implement the Venly Market API. Our own Venly Marketplace is such a case. When you create a PUBLIC offer through your in-app marketplace, that same offer will also show up in the public-Venly Market.

​
​